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“The best way to predict the future is to invent it.”
When talking about holography it is unlikely that the name of the Hungarian-British physicist Dennis Gabor isn’t mentioned sooner or later.
Born in 1900 as Günszberg Dénes into a Hungarian Jewish family he started his studies in Budapest at the Technical University of Budapest, and continued them in Berlin, Germany, where he became a Doctor of Engineering. During this time he was working with high voltage electric transmission lines, oscillographs and got drawn into electron optics.
At Hitler’s rise to power he left Germany for Britain, and worked on the improvement of electron microscopes at the British Thomson-Houston Company. Finding the solution for the electron microscopes’ fuzziness and sphericity meant nothing less than the invention of holography in 1947. However, it was only realised more than fifteen years later after the laser, the first coherent light beam, was invented.
And while had more than 100 patents, worked on physical optics, and television, he also addressed the social aspects of technology and science. He was worldwide acknowledged and won many prizes, e.g. the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1971. He died in 1979, at the age of 78.